Viking Language 1 is an introduction to Old Norse, runes, Icelandic sagas, and the culture of the Vikings. The 15 graded lessons include vocabulary and grammar exercises, 35 readings, pronunciation, 15 maps, 45 illustrations, and 180 exercises. 

Journey through Viking Age Denmark, Iceland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Britain, Russia, and Byzantium with original Old Norse readings of Vikings, Norse mythology, heroes, sacral kingship, blood feuds, and daily life.

Answer Key available as PDF download

Purchase at Amazon US  Amazon UK

Viking Language 1 Audio Lessons

Pronounce Old Norse, Runes and Iceandic Sagas

By Jesse Byock
Jules William Press

Viking Language 1 Audio Lessons: Pronounce Old Norse, Runes, and Icelandic Sagas  are sound files of all the Old Norse reading passages and runic inscriptions in Viking Language 1.

The audio passages coordinate with the grammar and vocabulary of the lessons in Viking Language 1. They tell of Vikings, Iceland, and old Scandinavia and are an indispensable resource for learning vocabulary, comprehension, and the flow of language. Sentences in the audio are divided into phrases. The method speeds learning and allows self-correction.

The listener can stop the tracks at any point to repeat words and phrases. The audio follows modern Icelandic usage and
is read by 
Icelander Ása Bjarnadóttir with introductions and instructions by Jesse Byock.



Viking Language 2

Viking Language 2: The Old Norse Reader, Learn Old Norse, Runes, and Icelandic Sagas

By Jesse Byock
Jules William Press

Viking Language 2 The Old Norse Reader
 immerses the learner in Icelandic and Viking Age sources. It provides the tools necessary to read complete sagas and Norse mythic and heroic poetry. The reader is a collection of original texts to accompany Viking Language 1, including Norse family, kings and legendary sagas, runic verse as well as eddic and skaldic poetry. 

The selections range from the doom of the gods at the final battle Ragnarok to descriptions of the ring and the dwarves’ gold that inspired Wagner’s Ring Cycle and J.R.R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings.

The Old Norse Reader is a stand-alone book for classes and the self-learner, accompanied by introductions, notes, maps, and cultural discussions and includes a comprehensive Old Norse reference grammar with an extended vocabulary, and an answer key to the exercises in Viking Language 1. 


Altnordisch 1: Die Sprache der Wikinger, Runen und Isländischen Sagas

https://www.amazon.de/Altnordisch-Sprache-Wikinger-Isl%C3%A4ndischen-Language/dp/1535396148/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1488346574&sr=8-1&keywords=altnordisch+1

Altnordisch 1: Die Sprache der Wikinger, Runen und isländischen Sagas gliedert sich in fünfzehn inhaltlich aufeinander aufbauende Lektionen bestehend aus altnordischen Textpassagen, Runen, Mythologie, Karten, und Grammatikbaukästen (mit gratis Online Lösungsschlüssel: PDF herunterladen). 


Altnordisch 1 enthält ein vollständiges Wörterverzeichnis, eine Kurzgrammatik sowie Hinweise zur (rekonstruierten - Isländisch) Aussprache. 


Hörbeispiele zur Aussprache sind als MP-3 downloads erhältlich auf Amazon.de unter "Musik - Downloads" (oder über den folgenden Links: Viking Language 1 Audio Lektionen 1-8 und Lektionen 9-15), auf dem iTunes Store und cdbaby.com



Viking Age Iceland

Viking Age Iceland

By Jesse Byock
Penguin History

Combining history and anthropology, this remarkable study explores in rich detail all aspects of Viking Age life: feasting, farming, battling the elements, the power of chieftains, the church, marriage, women’s roles, and kinship. It shows us how law courts, which favoured compromise over violence, often prevented disputes and insults from becoming ‘blood feud’. Iceland thrived for 300 years until it came under the control of the King of Norway in the 1260s.

This was a unique time in history, which has long perplexed historians and archaeologists, and which provides us today with fundamental insights into sometimes forgotten aspects of western society. By interweaving his own original and innovative research with masterly interpretations of the Old Icelandic Sagas, Jesse Byock brilliantly brings it to life.

The Prose Edda: Norse Mythology - Snorri Sturluson

The Prose Edda: Norse Mythology, Jesse Byock
Translated with Introduction and Notes by Jesse L. Byock
Penguin Classics

The Prose Edda is the most renowned of all works of Scandinavian literature and our most extensive source for Norse mythology. Written in Iceland, it tells ancient stories of the Norse creation epic and recounts gods, giants, dwarves and elves struggling for survival. It preserves the oral memory of heroes, warrior kings and queens. In clear prose interspersed with powerful verse, the Edda provides unparalleled insight into the gods’ tragic realization that the future holds one final cataclysmic battle, Ragnarok, when the world will be destroyed. These tales from the pagan era have proved to be among the most influential of all myths and legends, inspiring Wagner’s Ring Cycle and Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings.

This new translation by Jesse Byock captures the strength and subtlety of the original, while his introduction sets the tales fully in the context of Norse mythology. This edition includes detailed notes and appendices.




The Saga of the Volsungs: The Norse Epic of Sigurd the Dragon Slayer

Saga of the Volsungs, Jesse Byock
Translated with an introduction and notes by Jesse Byock
Penguin Classics

An unforgettable tale of princely jealousy, unrequited love, greed and vengeance, the Saga of the Volsungs is one of the great books of world literature.

Based on Viking Age poems, the Volsung (Völsunga) Saga combines mythology, legend and sheer human drama. At its heart are the heroic deeds of Sigurd the dragon slayer who acquires runic knowledge from one of Odin’s Valkyries.Yet it is also set in a very human world, incorporating oral memories of the fourth and fifth centuries, when Attila the Hun and other warriors fought on the northern frontiers of the Roman empire. An illuminating Introduction links the historical Huns, Burgundians and Goths with the events of this Icelandic saga, whose author claimed that Sigurd’s name was ‘known in all tongues north of the Greek Ocean, and so it must remain while the world endures’.

With its ill-fated Rhinegold. the sword reforged and the magic ring of power, the saga resembles the Nibelungenlied. It has been a primary source for fantasy writers such as William Morris, and for J.R.R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings and for Richard Wagner’s Ring cycle.



The Saga of the Volsungs: The Norse Epic of Sigurd the Dragon Slayer (alternate edition)

Saga of the Volsungs, Jesse Byock, alternate
Translated with an introduction and notes by Jesse Byock
University of California Press

“Byock extends the background to the saga beyond the interest of ‘Wagnerites’ to the complex relationship between history and legend in the Middle Ages and the social context of the myths and heroes of the saga... [Byock is] very successful in his adept renderings of Eddic rhythm... The translation of prose is equally fine.” 
Judy Quinn, Parergon

“This is a book of the highest importance. No one should attempt to teach about Viking society or claim to understand it without being familiar with this chilling and enduring myth.” 
Eleanor Searle, Medieval Academy of America





The Saga of King Hrolf Kraki

Saga of Hrolf Kraki, Jesse Byock
Translated with an introduction by Jesse Byock
Penguin Classics

Composed in medieval Iceland, Hrolf’s Saga recalls ancient Scandinavia of the Migration Period, when the warrior chieftain King Hrolf ruled in Denmark.

In the Old Norse/Viking world, King Hrolf was a symbol of courage. Sharing rich oral traditions with the Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf, Hrolf’s Saga recounts the tragedy of strife within Denmark’s royal hall. It tells of powerful women and the exploits of Hrolf’s famous champions – including Bodvar Bjarki, the ‘bear-warrior’, who strikingly resembles Beowulf. Combining heroic legend, myth and magic, Hrolf’s Saga has wizards, sorceresses and ‘berserker’ fighters, originally members of a cult of Odin. Most startling is the central love triangle: Hrolf’s father, a man of insatiable appetites, unknowingly abducts his daughter, who later marries the despised sorcerer King Adils of Sweden.

A powerful human drama with deep historical roots, extraordinary events and fierce battle scenes, Hrolf’s Saga ranks among the masterworks of the Middle Ages, influencing writers such as J.R.R. Tolkien.



Grettir’s Saga

Grettir's Saga, Jesse Byock
Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Jesse Byock
Oxford University Press

‘You will be made an outlaw, forced always to live in the wilds and to live alone.’

A sweeping epic of the Viking Age, Grettir’s Saga follows the life of the outlaw Grettir the Strong as he battles against sorcery, bad luck, and the vengefulness of his enemies. Feared by many, Grettir is a warrior and also a poet and a lover who is afraid of the dark. Unable to resolve the dispute that has outlawed him, he lives outside the bounds of family life and he roams the countryside, ridding Iceland and Norway of berserker warriors, trolls, and the walking dead. 

The saga presents a poignant story of medieval Icelandic society, combining details of everyday legal disputes with folklore and legend. Written in the fourteenth century, but based on earlier oral and written sources, Grettir’s Saga, with its scathing humour, explicit verses, and fantastic monsters, is among the most famous and widely read of Iceland’s sagas.

This new translation features extensive maps and illustrative material.



Sagas and Myths of the Northmen

Sagas and Myths of the Northmen, Jesse Byock
Translated by Jesse Byock
Penguin Epics

Short introductory translation of selected Norse myths and legends. Excerpts from:
The Saga of the Volsungs • The Saga of King Hrolf Kraki • The Prose Edda

In a land of ice, great warriors search for glory… When a dragon threatens the people of the north, only one man can destroy the fearsome beast. Elsewhere, a mighty leader gathers a court of champions, including a noble warrior under a terrible curse. The Earth’s creation is described; tales of the gods and evil Frost Giants are related; and the dark days of Ragnarok foretold.

Journey into a realm of Old Norse and Viking legend, where heroes from an ancient age do battle with savage monsters, and every man must live or die by the sword…




L’Islande des Vikings

L'Island des VIkings, Jesse Byock
de Jesse Byock
Traduit de l’anglais par Béatrice Bonne.
Préface de Jacques Le Goof.
Flammarion-Aubier-Collection historique

Seigneurs sanguinaires, maraudeurs sillonnant les rivages de l’Europe du Nord et pillant tout sur leur passage, les Vikings n’ont pas bonne réputation. Et pourtant ils ont fondé, en Islande, sur cette île demeurée quasi vierge de toute présence humaine jusqu’au ixe siècle, une société unique : basée sur un État libre et indépendant, elle est en grande partie exempte des hiérarchies sociales habituelles – y compris dans les rapports entre hommes et femmes – et fait reposer le règlement des conflits davantage sur le consensus que sur la violence et la guerre. Entre festins de raie pourrie et manuel de survie en milieu hostile, conflits juridiques et méthode de construction des maisons en mottes de terre herbeuse… c’est la vie quotidienne des Vikings à l’époque médiévale qui nous est ici dévoilée.

En entrelaçant ses propres recherches historiques et archéologiques avec ses interprétations magistrales des sagas, ces récits littéraires typiquement islandais, Jesse Byock fait revivre cette civilisation avec brio.



La stirpe di Odino - La civiltà vichinga in Islanda

La Stirpe di Odino; La Civilta vichinga in Islanda
di Jesse Byock
Prefazione di Jacques Le Goff. 
Traduzione M. Federici.
Mondadori

I primi coloni raggiunsero l'Islanda dalla Scandinavia e dalla Britannia vichinga alla metà del IX secotò e qui diedero vita a uno stato libero, indipendente e non gerarchico, che costituisce un unicum nella storia europea. Le strutture sociali, economiche, politiche e giuridiche, infatti, per quanto ispirate a quelle delle zone d'origine, dovettero essere modellate su una realtà geografica del tutto nuova, difficile e affascinante, e durarono con minime evoluzioni fino alla conquista norvegese del 1260, dando vita a una civiltà rurale, con una stupefacente cultura del diritto e un forte senso dell'onore. In questo libro l'autore indaga l'Islanda indipendente in modo globale, facendo ricorso a molteplici tipologie di fonti, da quelle giuridiche a quelle archeologiche, e in particolare analizza le splendide saghe, capolavori letterari dai quali è possibile ricavare la più esatta descrizione di quello che voleva dire vivere nella "terra dei ghiacci" tra IX e XIII secolo.




Feud in the Icelandic Saga

Feud in the Icelandic Saga, Jesse Byock
by Jesse Byock
University of California Press

“Byock’s thorough inquiry into the Icelandic feud system and its impact on the saga literature is valuable and fruitful in itself. But his specific research work also results in important general conclusions concerning the Icelandic saga as a medieval epic genre… A sound and convincingly motivated statement on the unique character of the Icelandic saga.” — Peter Hallberg, International Journal of Scandinavian Studies

“Byock has not only succeeded in grounding, in a convincing manner, the social roles of individuals in the sagas but has also laid bare the role of narrative in Old Icelandic society.”
Vilhjálmur Árnason, Skírnir

“Jesse Byock has here established an admirable basis for further research by clearing away much of the debris of the past. We are now ready for a full-scale reevaluation of saga materials in light of socio-historical and evolutionary views.”
Einar Haugen

“An admirable study… A wealth of information about the political, social, and economic development of Icelandic society and the social thought underlying institutions and practices.”
The Scandinavian-American Bulletin

“Jesse Byock’s work has illuminated fundamental social concepts better and more clearly than has previously been done because he uses Icelandic sources in a new way.”
Helgi Thorláksson, Ný Saga

“Boldly imaginative and on the cutting edge of the human sciences.”
Dwight Conquergood, Journal of American Folklore



Medieval Iceland - Society, Sagas, and Power

Medieval Iceland: Society, Sagas, and Power
by Jesse L. Byock
University of California Press

“Byock’s book is a tour-de-force of historical argument. He brilliantly reconstructs the inner workings of an intriguing society, not elsewhere to be found in the Western world.” — David Herlihy, History Book Club

“The first to demonstrate the importance of brokerage, advocacy, and arbitration as a social method of maintaining the governmental system, the balance of power, and the peace.”
Helgi Thorláksson, Skírnir

“Medieval Iceland was a kind of pure-environment anthropological laboratory… It ought to have been a Utopia. It had: no foreign policy, no defense forces, no king, no lords, no peasants, no dispossessed aborigines, no battles (till late on), no dangerous animals, and no very clear taxes. What could possibly go wrong? Why is their literature all about killing each other? Answers lie, says Byock, in ‘the underlying structures and cultural codes’ of the island’s social order… The most fascinating parts discuss the ways in which saga characters operate within a system of checks and balances to gain their ends.”
Tom Shippey, London Review of Books

“In this stimulating and important work, Byock has succeeded in rehabilitating the Icelandic sagas as important sources for the social and economic history of the Free State (c. 930s to 1262-64)… Highly recommended.” 
C. W. Clark, Choice


アイスランド・サガ―血讐の記号論 ジェス・L. バイヨック、

Feud in the Icelandic Saga, Japanese, Jesse Byock
Feud in the Icelandic Saga -Japanese edition
by Jesse L. Byock
Tokai University Press

Translated by Prof. Chusaku Shibata and Tomoyuki Inoue.











サガの社会史―中世アイスランドの自由国家 [単行本]

Medieval Iceland, Jesse Byock, Japanese
Medieval Iceland - Japanese edition
by Jesse L. Byock
Tokai University Press

Translated by Prof. Chusaku Shibata and Tomoyuki Inoue.